Skin cancer symptoms are often difficult to spot, as they can appear in nearly any shape, color, and size. However, some identifiable characteristics are associated with the most common forms of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Most of these appear as new or changing lesions which include growths, moles, spots, and/or open sores that do not heal within three weeks.
If you notice new skin spots with a troubling appearance, don’t wait to schedule an appointment with our St. Louis dermatology clinic. Otherwise, an annual skin screening will provide essential monitoring and evaluation from an experienced dermatologist.
If you’re conducting a skin cancer self-check, it’s important to know what to look for. Many dermatologists recommend using the ABCDEs of skin cancer to determine whether a growth is suspicious. While used primarily for melanoma diagnosis, these characteristics can indicate a variety of skin cancers. This memory device is easy to remember for when you find a lesion that looks suspicious.
While conducting a skin cancer self-check, look for lesions that have any of the following characteristics.
If you notice a growth with any of the above characteristics, make an appointment as soon as possible. This is the best way to ensure you get the treatment and care you need.
Some skin cancers don’t share these common characteristics. For example, amelanotic melanomas don’t have the same dark pigmentation, making them difficult to recognize. Even if you don’t notice a new growth, or if you aren’t sure about an existing mole, scheduling an annual skin screening can provide essential monitoring from an experienced dermatologist.
Self-exams are a crucial piece of skin cancer diagnosis and prevention. The Skin Cancer Foundation recommends examining your skin, from head to toe, every month. If skin cancer is caught early, patients typically have excellent responses to treatment. In performing regular self-checks, patients can keep tabs on their own skin and growths, noting any changes and bringing suspicious lesions to the attention of their doctors between in-office checks.
Performing a skin cancer self-check is simple, but you’ll need to set aside some time to do it. The easiest method of performing a check is to start with your face and move down. Use a mirror to examine your nose, lips, ears, and mouth for discoloration or growths. From there, thoroughly inspect your scalp, using a comb and mirror to view hard-to-reach sections. You might also ask a friend or partner to help.
Some cases of skin cancer can be difficult to distinguish from other dermatology conditions. Some spots may look cancerous when, in fact, they are benign. Below, we’ve described some lesions that can mimic skin cancer, and why it’s best to get a diagnosis from an experienced dermatologist.